Acute and chronic pancreatitis


Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, which can either be acute (sudden and severe) or chronic (ongoing). Heavy alcohol consumption is one of the most common causes of chronic pancreatitis, followed by gallstones. Treatment options include abstaining from alcohol, fasting until the inflammation subsides, medication, and surgery. Causes of pancreatitis Around half of all people with acute pancreatitis have been heavy drinkers, which makes alcohol consumption one of the most common causes. Gallstones cause most of the remaining cases. In rare cases, acute and chronic pancreatitis can be caused by: trauma or surgery to the pancreas region inherited abnormalities of the pancreas inherited disorders of metabolism viruses (particularly mumps) medication (including some diuretics), which can also trigger inflammation.

Acute Pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis is a rapid attack of upper abdominal pain, it might accrue with vomiting or without vomiting, swelling of the abdomen, and constipation. In most cases, acute pancreatitis improves totally with the help of conservation management and taking care because cases are mild. Less than 10% of cases are severe and these cases require ICU care with a high rate of death even with the best medical facility. Issues including respiratory, kidney, or heart failure can be cause of death. In most cases common reason for severe acute pancreatitis is gallstones block the pancreatic duct. This issue can occur even if a gallbladder has been removed previously. It can be triggered by overconsumption of alcohol and acute pancreatitis normally resolves itself with taking proper rest and abstinence of alcohol.

Treatment options include fasting until the inflammation subsides, intravenous fluids and hydration, removing gallstones, abstaining from alcohol, medications, and surgery.

Chronic Pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis typically includes regular bouts of pancreatic swellings, it might occur even after triggers have been removed. Pancreatitis leads the digestive upsets. With time pancreatitis might damage the body parts by regular swelling. People who drink alcohol in excess amounts have a high possibility of developing chronic conditions. If the pancreas has been damaged then it is typically permanent. Some people who are going through chronic pancreatitis, suffer regular or constant abdominal pain, its pain might be severe. In this condition, the human body is incapable of properly digesting and absorbing food so it includes steady weight loss. Chronic pancreatitis can become a reason for diabetes if more part of the pancreas has been damaged.

Chronic pancreatitis can contribute to the development of pancreatic cancer. Diagnosis of pancreatitis is generally diagnosed quickly, by examination of the abdomen, and confirmed using a series of medical tests including General tests – such as blood tests, physical examination, and x-rays. Ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan. A special form of MRI called MRCP can also be used to get images of the ducts of the pancreas and help determine the cause of pancreatitis and the extent of the damage.

Treatment depends on the causes and severity of the condition.  Treatment for acute pancreatitis Treatment may include hospital care – in all cases of acute pancreatitis intensive care in hospital – in cases of severe acute pancreatitis fasting and intravenous fluids – until the inflammation settles down pain relief – adequate pain relief is essential and is often given into the vein (intravenously). With appropriate pain relief, a person with pancreatitis can draw deep breaths, which helps to avoid lung complications such as pneumonia. Gallstones can be seen and removed directly surgery – if gallstones are present, removing the gallbladder will help prevent further attacks. In rare cases, surgery is needed to remove damaged or dead areas of the pancreas. Lifestyle change – not drinking alcohol.

Treatment for chronic pancreatitis

The treatment options for this condition may involve various approaches. These include reducing the intake of fats in the diet, enhancing digestion by taking pancreatic enzyme tablets alongside meals, abstaining from alcohol consumption, and utilizing analgesic medications for pain relief. In certain cases, patients might need endoscopic treatment known as ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography) or undergo surgery, although these options are only considered in specific situations.